RDWE

Research and Development Workstation Environment (RDWE)

prototype

Against the backdrop of the development of modern technologies in the field of scientific research, the new class of Current Research Information Systems (CRIS) and related intelligent information technologies have arisen. It was called – Research and Development Workstation Environment (RDWE) – the comprehensive problem-oriented information systems for scientific research and development lifecycle support. The given paper describes design and development fundamentals of the RDWE class systems. The general information model of the RDWE class systems is developed. Also the paper represents the information model of the RDWE class system for supporting research in the field of ontology engineering – the automated building of applied ontology in an arbitrary domain area, scientific and technical creativity – the automated preparation of application documents for patenting inventions in Ukraine. It was called – Personal Research Information System. The main results of our work are focused on enhancing the effectiveness of the scientist’s research and development lifecycle in the arbitrary domain area.

The development of modern technologies increasingly covers the field of intellectual activity and, especially, in the field of scientific research and development. The new class of Current Research Information Systems and related intelligent information technologies have arisen that support the main stages of the scientific research and development lifecycle, starting with the semantic analysis of the information & data material of arbitrary domain area and ending with the formation of constructive features of innovative proposals. It was called – Research and Development Workstation Environment (RDWE) – the comprehensive problem-oriented information systems for scientific research and development support. A distinctive feature of such systems and technologies is the possibility of their problematic orientation to various types of scientific research and development by combining on a variety of functional services and adding new ones within the Cloud-integrated Environment (inside the Ubuntu open source operating system as the integrating cloud environment for instance).

The development of modern technologies increasingly covers the field of intellectual activity and, especially, in the field of scientific research and development. The existing Current Research Information Systems oriented on the following main types of services: access and reuse of scientific and academic information, methodologies, and technologies; information search; targeted dissemination of information; messaging services; bridging of horizontal and vertical relations between scientists; backup data storage and archival information. We propose the new class of Current Research Information Systems and related intelligent information technologies. This class supports the main stages of the scientific research and development lifecycle, starting with the semantic analysis of the information of arbitrary domain area and ending with the formation of constructive features of innovative proposals. It was called – Research and Development Workstation Environment – the comprehensive problem-oriented information systems for scientific research and development support. A distinctive feature of such systems is the possibility of their problematic orientation to various types of scientific activities by combining on a variety of functional services and adding new ones within the Cloud-integrated Environment. Taking into account the objective factor of Ukrainian science state, we define the general principles of the RDWE design: modular design; microservices-based architecture; cross-platform software (also multi-platform software or platform-independent software); JSON/XML data model and REST architectural style (RESTful web services); using free and open-source software; cloud computing; data storage based on the abstraction of data repository; data repositories synchronization.
The Research and Development Workstation Environment class system’s generalized information model is represented in the article as a three-tuple composite web service that include: a set of atomic web services, each of them can be designed and developed as a microservice or a desktop application, that allows them to be used as an independent software separately; a set of functions, the functional filling-up of the Research and Development Workstation Environment; a subset of atomic web services that are required to implement function of composite web service. In accordance with the fundamental information model of the Research and Development Workstation Environment systems, the Personal Research Information System information model was developed.

The main results of our work are focused on enhancing the effectiveness of the scientist’s research and development lifecycle in the arbitrary domain area. In the future, it would be interesting to apply to the educational process the modern paradigm of Service-Oriented Learning implemented as Personal Learning Environments, Virtual Learning Environments, Learning Management Systems, Education-as-a-Service models, and the new class of E-learning systems – Cloud Learning Environments – using RDWE systems as a E-learning/education-oriented environment.